11 April 2010

India General Service Medal 1908-1935


Instituted:
Approved by King Edward VII on 1st January 1909.

Qualification:
Awarded to all those who took part in various Indian campaigns between 1908 and 1935. The medal was never issued without a clasp and a total of twelve clasps were authorised.

Description:
36mm diameter, issued in silver and bronze (but see individual clasps below). There were three versions of the obverse for this medal. The first issue (above) depicts the bust of King Edward VII in uniform and the legend, EDWARDVS VII KAISAR-I-HIND. The second issue, which was started with those medals issued with the Abor 1911-1912 clasp, depicts the crowned and robed bust of King George V and the legend GEORGIVS V KAISAR-I-HIND. The 3rd issue, which was started with those medals issued with the North West Frontier 1930-31 clasp, shows the crowned and robed bust of King George V and the legend GEORGIVS.V.D.G.BRITT.OMN.REX.ET.INDIAE.IMP.

The reverse of all three versions depicts the fort at Jamrud on the Khyber Pass with, below that, the word INDIA over an olive and oak branch tied together by a ribbon.

The medal was designed by Richard Garbe RA (1876-1957).

Suspension:
The same floreated swivelling suspender as those used on previous India General Service Medals.

Ribbon:
32mm wide; green with a dark blue band running down the centre.

Naming:
Varied according to the clasp issued. See details below against each of the clasps.

Clasps:
Twelve clasps were issued for this medal, as follows:

1. North West Frontier 1908
Awarded for the campaign on the North West Frontier between 14th February and 31st May 1908. Naming in running script. Medals with this bar were issued in silver and bronze.


2. Abor 1911-12
Awarded for services against the Abors between 6th October 1911 and 20th April 1912. Naming in running script. Medals with this bar were issued in silver and bronze. This was the first bar to be awarded with the second issue obverse (above).

3. Afghanistan NWF 1919
Awarded for service in the Third Afghan War between 6th May and 8th August 1919. Naming impressed in block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

4. Mahsud 1919-20
Awarded for services in the Mahsud territory between 27th November 1919 and 7th May 1920. Naming impressed in thin block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.



5. Waziristan 1919-21
Awarded for operations against the Tochi, Wana Wazirs and Mahsuds betyween 6th May 1919 and January 1921. Naming impressed in block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

6. Malabar 1921-22
Awarded to all those who took part in the suppression of the Moplah Rebellion in Malabar between 20th August 1921 and 25th February 1922. Naming impressed in block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

7. Waziristan 1921-24
Awarded to all those who took part in the Waziristan operations between 21st December 1921 and 31st March 1924. Naming impressed in thin block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

8. Waziristan 1925
Awarded to all those who took part in the Waziristan operations between 9th March and 1st May 1925. Naming impressed in thin block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

9. North West Frontier 1930-31
Awarded to all those who served in Kohat, Waziristan and the Peshawur District between 21st December 1921 and 31st March 1924. Naming impressed in block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only. This was the first bar to be awarded with the third issue obverse (below).



10. Burma 1930-32
Awarded to all those who were dispatched from India and served in Burma between 22nd December 1930 and 25th March 1932. Naming impressed in small block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

11. Mohmand 1933
Awarded to all those who took part in operations against the Upper Mohmands between 28th July and 3rd October 1933. Naming impressed in thin block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

12. North West Frontier 1935
Awarded to all those who on the North West Frontier between 12th January and 3rd November 1935. Naming impressed in thin block capitals. Medals with this bar were issued in silver only.

Other:
After the 11th August 1920, permission was given for those who had been Mentioned in Despatches to wear the bronze oak leaf on their medal ribbon. Before this date, the MID emblem had been worn on the Inter-Allied Victory Medal.

Acknowledgements:
The photographs are courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb and Spink. Links on the medal images will take you to these companies' websites. British Battles and Medals has, as always, been an invaluable resource in compiling the information.

Also see these other India medal posts:

India General Service Medal 1854-1895
Indian Mutiny Medal 1857-1858
India Medal 1895-1902

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